Protaetia (Potosia) funebris Gory and Percheron, 1833 (Cetonia)


Cetonia funebra Gory and Percheron in Monographie des cetoines et des genres voisins, formant dans la famille naturelles de Latreille, la division des Scarabees melitophiles, 1833, Paris.
Cetonia funesta Menetries, 1836, Bulletin de l‘Academie des Sciences de Saint Petersbourg, I, p.150.
Potosia aethiessoides Reitter, 1898, Deutsche Entomologischen Zeitschrift, p.343.
syn. Cetonia thoracica Dejean, 1821 (nomen nudum).
syn. Cetonia exclamationis Faldermann, 1835 (synonymie etablie par Burmeister).
syn. Cetonia tenebrionis Menetries, 1838 (synonymie etablie par Burmeister).
syn. Potosia lambillionea Alexis and Delpont, 2000 (synonymie etablie par Tauzin).


French

Il s'agit d'une cetoine robuste de 12-27 mm de longueur, caracterisee par le dessus et le dessous completement noir, et avec le pronotum, le pygidium, les elytres et les segments abdominaux plus ou moins largement taches de macules blanches en nombre et extension tres variable, et meme quelques fois completement absentes.

Son aire de distribution va de l‘Anatolie a l‘Afghanistan. La limite septentrionale de sa distribution semble se situer au Caucase (Georgie, Armenie, Azerbaidjan), et la limite meridionale en Jordanie et IsraŽl. Trois races geographiques bien individualisees s‘y rencontrent: P.funebris s.str. a dessus noir luisant, plus robuste (14-27 mm de longueur) et distribuee a l‘est de l‘Anatolie, en Iran du Nord, Irak, Syrie du Nord, Turkmenistan et Afghanistan, P.funebris ssp. funesta Menetries, 1836 a dessus noir mat, moins robuste (12-19 mm) et distribuee en Anatolie de l‘Ouest jusqu‘au Taurus, en Syrie, Liban, IsraŽl et Jordanie. Enfin, la race tranchee P.funebris ssp aethiessoides Reitter, 1898, de forte taille et souvent completement maculee de squamules blanches, se concentre sur un petit secteur du Kurdistan Turc, Iranien et Syrien.

Au Levant, la race P.funebris funesta remplace completement la forme nominative, et se caracterise par son dessus noir mat. Elle presente quelques variations chromatique avec l'aberration amandana Reitter, 1898 et notativentris Reitter, 1898 connues de Turquie et Syrie et qui se singularisent respectivement par des macules blanches uniquement sur les elytres, et des macules blanches sur les elytres, le pygidium et les sternites.

Les larves polyphages se developpent au sol dans des terreaux divers en dehors des cavites d‘arbres, souvent dans la rhizosphere a proximite de feuilles, racines et bulbes decomposes. Les imagos peuvent s‘observer de juin a juillet dans des biotopes arides sur Onopordon, Cirsium et Verbascum dans un intervalle d‘altitude particulierement eleve. Localement la cetoine peut frequenter des biotopes boises (plusieurs observations en Anatolie) et s‘y developper dans les cavites de terreau, cette observation a ete en partie a l‘origine de la description du taxon lambillionea Alexis et Delpont (synonymie etablie par Tauzin).


English

This species is a robust Cetoniinae of 12-27 mm length, characterized by the body entierely black, with the pronotum, the pygidium, the elytra and the abdominal segments more or less largely mottled white spots very variable in number and extension, and even some times completely absent.

Its distribution range from from Anatolia to Afghanistan. The septentrional limit seems to be in the Caucasus (Georgia, Armenie, Azerbaidjan), and the southernmost limit in Jordan and Israel. Three well recognizable geographical races are present: P.funebris s.str. with upper surface of the body black shining, more robust (14-27 mm length), distributed in East Anatolia, North Iran, Iraq, North Syria, Turkmenistan and Afghanistan; P.funebris ssp. funesta Menetries, 1836 with upper surface black mate, less robust (12-19 mm), distributed in Western Anatolia until Taurus, Syria, Lebanon, Israel and Jordan. Lastly, the distinct race P.funebris ssp. aethiessoides Reitter, 1898, of strong size and often completely mackled white squamules, concentrated on a relatively small area of Turkish, Iranian and Syrian Kurdistan.

In the Levant, the subspecies P.funebris funesta replaces completely the typical form, and is characterized by its black mate top. It presents some variations with the aberration amandana Reitter, 1898 and notativentris Reitter, 1898 known from Turkey and Syria and which can be recognized respectively by white maculae only on the elytra, or on the elytra, pygidium and sternites.

The polyphagous larvae develop on the ground in various composts apart from the cavities of trees, often in the soil near the rooths near composed leafes, roots and bulbs. The imagoes can be observed between June at July in arid biotopes on Onopordon, Cirsium and Verbascum in a particularly high interval of altitude. Locally the species can be found in wooded biotopes (several observations in Anatolia) where it develops in the cavities of compost, this observation was partly at the origin of the description of the taxon lambillionea Alexis & Delpont (synonymized by Tauzin).

(click to enlarge)
Distribution of N.funebris subspecies from Tauzin
(click to enlarge)
Distribution of N.funebris subspecies from Medvedev

Protaetia (Potosia) funebris ssp. funebris Gory and Percheron 1833 (Cetonia)

Present in East Anatolia, North Iran, Iraq, North Syria, Turkmenistan and Afghanistan.


P.funebris funebris f.typ. from Iran
photo D. Prunier
P.funebris funebris
photo D.Prunier
P.funebris funebris
photo J.L.Alpanseque
P.funebris funebris
from Medvedev
P.funebris funebris
from Baraud
P.funebris funebris
from Medvedev

Protaetia (Potosia) funebris ssp. funesta Menetries, 1836 (Cetonia)

Present in Western Anatolia until Taurus, Syria, Lebanon, Israel and Jordan.

P.funebris funesta from Semnan
photo D.Prunier
P.funebris funesta from Semnan
photo D.Prunier
P.funebris funesta ab. amandana
photo D.Prunier
P.funebris funesta
from Baraud
P.funebris funesta
photo J.L.Alpanseque
P.funebris funesta
from Medvedev

Protaetia (Potosia) funebris ssp. aethiessoides Reitter, 1898 (Potosia)

Present in a relatively small area of Turkish, Iranian and Syrian Kurdistan.

P.funebris aethiessoides
photo J.L.Alpanseque
P.funebris aethiessoides
photo G.Flutsch
P.funebris aethiessoides
photo D.Prunier
P.funebris aethiessoides
from Medvedev
P.funebris aethiessoides
photo J.L.Alpanseque

References

Jean-Louis Alpanseque et Pierre Tauzin. 2006 - Le complexe Protaetia (Potosia) funebris Gory & Percheron, 1833 et Protaetia (Potosia) funesta Menetries, 1836 (Coleoptera, Scarabaeoidea, Cetoniidae, Cetoniinae, Cetoniini): Contribution a sa connaissance et precision sur sa distribution. Cetoniimania, 4: 136-161. Download full article.



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