Dorcus parallelipipedus Linnè, 1758

Dorcus parallelipipedus Linnè, 1758 - Systema Naturae per Regna Tria Naturae, Secundum Classes, Ordines, Genera, Species, Cum Characteribus, Differentiis, Synonymis, Locis. Tome I. Editio decima, reformata. Holmiae: 561.
Dorcus bipunctatus Schrank, 1798 (synonymus)
ab. reichei Ganglbauer, 1886 - Soc. Ent., I, p. 81 (Syria).

Length 15-32 mm with a slender body not very convex, black and a little shining.
The male has a broader head with fine scattered punctuation (very very fine and scattered in ab. reichei). The female has the head with strong and dense punctuation, the frontoclypeal suture with two 2 small tubercles close, mandibles short and triangular and pronotum rather dense punctuated. The external edge of the meso and metatibiae have only one tooth, a little behind the middle.

It is common in Turkey (Hatay), in Syria (Qaastal Ma'af, Bludan, in September), and Lebanon (area of Bcharre, Al Sindiyanah and Bezbiha (Caza Aakkar). The species is represented in the Levant by the aberratio reichei Ganglbauer. In Israel it is not common and present only in central and north Israel, where it develops in the stocks and the sapwood of dead trees. In Israel larvae were also collected from negelcted live or dead Pecan tree where the larva are found in small holes moisted by the rain water.

Dorcus parallelipipedus and D.peyronis, photo Oz Rittner
Dorcus parallelipipedus and D.peyronis
From Baraud, 1993 - Les Coléoptères de l'Europe et du Nord de l'Afrique
Dorcus parallelipipedus
Dorcus parallelipipedus
(click to enlarge)
Dorcus parallelipipedus, photos Oz Rittner

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